A Collection of Interrelated Web Portal Pages that Connects You to Reliable Resources
Featured Research Center
Center for the Study of
Social Movements

According to Doug McAdam and David Snow, a social movement is:

“a collectivity acting with some degree of organization and continuity outside of institutional channels for the purpose of promoting or resisting change in the group, society, or world order of which it is a part.”

Doug McAdam and David Snow, eds., Social Movements: Readings on Their Emergence, Mobilization, and Dynamics (Los Angeles: Roxbury Publishing Company, 1997), xviii.

Civil Liberties

Civil Liberties

Movements: Left-Wing

(Offsite & compiled by David Walls)

Movements: Right-Wing

Organized Labor and Organized Wealth

Think Tanks, Right-Wing Framing, & Social Control

Prejudice, Bigotry, & Discrimination


Social Movement Studies

Terrorism & Violence




This page is being updated and will be ready on May 2

Leaderless Resistance

Amoss, Ulius Louis. 1953 "Leaderless Resistance." INFORM.

Amoss, Ulius Louis. 1962. "Leaderless Resistance." INFORM, revised version published posthumously.

Beam, Louis. 1983. "Leaderless Resistance," Inter-Klan Newsletter & Survival Alert, undated, circa May 1983, pages not numbered. On file at Political Research Associates;

_____. 1992. "Leaderless Resistance," The Seditionist, 12 (February); text at http://www.louisbeam.com/leaderless.htm, pp. 12-13.

Garfinkel, Simson L. 2003. "Leaderless Resistance Today", First Monday, online journal.

Joosse, Paul. 2007. "Leaderless Resistance and Ideological Inclusion: the Case of the Earth Liberation Front." Terrorism and Political Violence, Vol. 19, No. 3, (September), pp. 351-368.

Organized White Supremacist Groups

Aho, J. A. 1990. The politics of righteousness: Idaho Christian patriotism. Seattle: Univ. of Washington Press.

Aho, J. A. 1989. A library of infamy,Idaho Librarian, 41 (4): 86–88.

Chip Berlet. 2001. “Hate Groups, Racial Tension and Ethnoviolence in an Integrating Chicago Neighborhood 1976-1988.” In Betty A. Dobratz, Lisa K. Walder, and Timothy Buzzell, eds., Research in Political Sociology, Vol.9: The Politics of Social Inequality, pp. 117–163.

Chip Berlet and Stanislav Vysotsky. 2006. “Overview of U.S. White Supremacist Groups. Journal of Political and Military Sociology, 34(1), (Summer), pp. 11-48. Special Issue on the white power movement in the United States, ed. B. A. Dobratz and L. K. Walsner.

Blee, Kathleen. Inside Organized Racism: Women in the Hate Movement. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Dyer, Joel. 1998. Harvest of Rage: Why Oklahoma City is Only the Beginning . Revised. Boulder, Colo.: Westview.

Ezekiel, Raphael S. 1995. The Racist Mind: Portraits of American Neo-Nazis and Klansmen. New York, NY: Viking.

Hamm, Mark S. 2002. In Bad Company: America's Terrorist Underground. Boston: Northeastern University Press.

_____. 1997. Apocalypse in Oklahoma: Waco and Ruby Ridge Revenged Boston: Northeastern University Press.

Hearst, Ernest, Chip Berlet, and Jack Porter. “Neo-Nazism.” Encyclopaedia Judaica. Eds. Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik. Vol. 15. 2nd ed. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007. 74-82. 22 vols. Thomson Gale.

Mudde, Cas. 2000. The Ideology of the Extreme Right. Manchester, England: Manchester University Press.

Noble, Kerry. 1998. Tabernacle of Hate. Prescott, Ontario, Canada: Voyageur

The Armed Citizens Militia Movement

Berlet, Chip and Matthew N. Lyons. 2000. RightWing Populism in America: Too Close for Comfort. New York: Guilford Press.

Berlet, Chip. 2004. “Militias in the Frame.” Contemporary Sociology 33:514-521.

Chermak, Steven M. 2002. Searching for a Demon: The Media Construction of the Militia Movement. Boston: Northeastern University Press.

Crothers, Lane. 2003. Rage on the Right: The American Militia Movement from Ruby Ridge to Homeland Security. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Ferber, Abby L. and Michael S. Kimmel. 2004. “‘White Men are this Nation:’ Right-Wing Militias and the Restoration of Rural American Masculinity.” Pp. 143-160 in Home-Grown Hate: Gender and Organized Racism, edited by Abby L. Ferber. New York: Routledge.

Freilich, Joshua D. American Militias: State Level Variations in Militia Activities, by Joshua D. Freilich. New York: LFB Scholarly Publishing, 2003;

Gallaher, Carolyn . On the Fault Line: Race, Class, and the American Patriot Movement. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2002.

Levitas, Daniel. 2002. The Terrorist Next Door: The Militia Movement and the Radical Right. New York: St. Martin's.

Mason, Lorna. 2006. Insurgency on the Populist Right: A Case Study of the Contemporary U.S. Patriot Movement. Dissertation at Graduate School and University Center of the City University of New York.  Frances Fox Piven advisor May 2006.

Van Dyke, Nella and Sarah A. Soule. 2002. “Structural Social Change and the Mobilizing Effect of Threat: Explaining Levels of Patriot and Militia Organizing in the United States,” Social Problems 49(4):497-520.

Dominionism, Theocracy, & the Christian Right

Blanchard, Dallas A. 1994. The Anti–Abortion Movement and the Rise of the Religious Right. New York: Twayne Publishers.

Center for Reproductive Law and Policy. 1998. Tipping the Scales: The Christian Right’s Legal Crusade Against Choice. New York: by the author.

Clarkson, Fred. 1997. Eternal Hostility: The Struggle between Theocracy and Democracy. Monroe, ME: Common Courage.

Diamond, Sara. 1989. Spiritual Warfare: The Politics of the Christian Right. Boston: South End Press.

———. 1998. Not by Politics Alone: The Enduring Influence of the Christian Right. New York: Guilford Press.

Durham, Martin. 2000. The Christian Right, the Far Right and the Boundaries of American Conservatism. Manchester: Manchester University.

Goldberg, Michelle. 2006. Kingdom Coming: The Rise of Christian Nationalism. New York: W.W. Norton.

Herman, Didi. 1997. The Antigay Agenda: Orthodox Vision and the Christian Right. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Kaplan, Esther. 2004. With God on Their Side: How Christian Fundamentalists Trampled Science, Policy, and Democracy in George W. Bush’s White House. New York: The New Press.

Kintz, Linda. 1997. Between Jesus and the Market: The Emotions that Matter in Right-Wing America. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Kintz, Linda and Julia Lesage, eds. 1998. Culture, Media, and the Religious Right. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Martin, William. 1996. With God on Our Side: The Rise of the Religious Right in America. New York: Broadway Books.

Mason, Carol. 2002. Killing for Life: The Apocalyptic Narrative of Pro-Life Politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Pierard, Richard V. and Robert Dean Linder. 1988. Civil Religion & the Presidency. Grand Rapids, Mich: Academie Books.

Ribuffo, Leo P. 1983. The Old Christian Right: The Protestant Far Right from the Great Depression to the Cold War. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Sine, Tom. 1995. Cease Fire: Searching for Sanity in America’s Culture Wars. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans.

Fundamentalism & Evangelicalism

Ammerman, Nancy T. 1991. “North American Protestant Fundamentalism,” in Martin E. Marty and R. Scott Appleby, eds., Fundamentalisms Observed, The Fundamentalism Project 1, pp. 1-65. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Balmer, Randall. 1999. Blessed Assurance: A History of Evangelicalism in America. Boston: Beacon Press.

Brasher, Brenda E. 1998. Godly Women: Fundamentalism and Female Power. New Brunswick , N.J.: Rutgers University Press.

_____. 2001. “When Your Friend is Your Enemy: American Christian Fundamentalists and Israel at the New Millennium.” In Millennial Visions: Essays on Twentieth-Century Millenarianism, edited by Martha F. Lee. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group.

Cuneo, Michael W. 1997. The Smoke of Satan: Conservative and Traditionalist Dissent in Contemporary American Catholicism. New York: Oxford University Press.

Marsden, George. 1991. Understanding Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism. Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.

Religion and Violence

Anthony, D. and T. Robbins. 1996. Religious totalism, violence and exemplary dualism: Beyond the extrinsic model. In Millennialism and violence , ed. M. Barkun, 10–50. Cass Series on Political Violence. London: Frank Cass.

Anthony, Dick and Thomas Robbins. 1997. “Religious Totalism, Exemplary Dualism, and the Waco Tragedy.” In Robbins and Palmer, eds. 1997 , 261–284.

Armstrong, Karen. 2001. The Battle for God. New York: Ballantine Books.

Berlet, Chip. 2005. “When Alienation Turns Right: Populist Conspiracism, the Apocalyptic Style, and Neofascist Movements.” In Lauren Langman & Devorah Kalekin Fishman, (eds.), Trauma, Promise, and the Millennium: The Evolution of Alienation. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Blee, Kathleen.. 1999. “Racist Activism and Apocalyptic/Millennial Thinking.” Journal of Millennial Studies 2:1. Retrieved July 4, 2004 (http://www.mille.org/publications/summer99/blee.PDF).

Barkun, Michael. 1997. “Racist Apocalypse: Millennialism on the Far Right.” In The Year 2000: Essays on the End, ed. Charles B. Strozier and Michael Flynn, 190-205. New York: New York University Press.

Gorenberg, Gershom. 2000. The End of Days: Fundamentalism and the Struggle for the Temple Mount. New York: The Free Press.

Griffin, Roger. 2004. “Introduction: God’s Counterfeiters? Investigating the Triad of Fascism, Totalitarianism and Political Religion.” Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions 5:291-325.

Juergensmeyer, Mark. 2000. Terror in the Mind of God: The Global Rise of Religious Violence. Berkeley: University of California.

Kaplan, Jeffrey. 1997. Radical Religion in America: Millenarian Movements from the Far Right to the Children of Noah. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press.

Rapoport, David C. 1993. "Comparing Militant Fundamentalist Movements and Groups," in Martin E. Marty and R. Scott Appleby (eds.), Fundamentalisms and the State: Remaking Polities, Economies, and Militance, The Fundamentalism Project 3, pp. 429–461. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Robbins, Thomas and Susan J. Palmer, eds. 1997. Millennium, Messiahs, and Mayhem: Contemporary Apocalyptic Movements. New York: Routledge.

Robbins, Thomas. 1997. “Religious Movements and Violence: A Friendly Critique of the Interpretive Approach.” Nova Religio 1:13-29.

Stern, Jessica. 1999. The Ultimate Terrorists. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Stern, Jessica. 2003. Terror in the Name of God: Why Religious Militants Kill. New York: Ecco/Harper Collins.

Wessinger, Catherine, ed. 2000. Millennialism, Persecution, and Violence: Historical Cases. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.

Apocalypticism, Millenarianism, & Millennialism

Abanes, Richard. 1998. End-Time Visions: The Road to Armageddon? New York: Four Walls, Eight Windows.

Aukerman, Dale. 1993. Reckoning with Apocalypse. New York: Crossroad.

Berlet, Chip. 1998. “Dances with Devils: How Apocalyptic and Millennialist Themes Influence Right Wing Scapegoating and Conspiracism,” The Public Eye, Vol. 12, Nos. 2 & 3, (Fall).

_______. (associate editor). 2000. “Apocalypse,” “Conspiracism,” “Demagogues,” “Demonization,” “Militia Movements,” “Populism,” “Survivalism,” Totalitarianism,” and “Year 2000.” Encyclopedia of Millennialism and Millennial Movements. Richard A. Landes, ed., (Berkshire Reference Works; Routledge encyclopedias of religion and society). New York: Routledge.

Boyer, Paul S. 1992. When Time Shall Be No More: Prophecy Belief in Modern American Culture. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap/Harvard University Press.

Brent, Sandy, D. 2002. Plowshares & Pruning Hooks: Rethinking the Language of Biblical Prophecy and Apocalyptic. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity.

Camp, Gregory S. 1997. Selling Fear: Conspiracy Theories and End-Times Paranoia. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Books.

Cohn, Norman. [1957] 1970. The Pursuit of the Millennium: Revolutionary Millenarians and Mystical Anarchists of the Middle Ages. Revised and expanded. New York: Oxford University Press.

———. 1993. Cosmos, Chaos and the World to Come: The Ancient Roots of Apocalyptic Faith. New Haven: Yale University Press.

FitzGerald, Frances. 1985. "The American Millennium." The New Yorker, November 11, pp. 105-196.

Frykholm, Amy Johnson. 2004. Rapture Culture: Left Behind in Evangelical America. New York: Oxford University Press.

Fuller, Robert C. 1995. Naming the Antichrist: The History of an American Obsession. New York: Oxford University Press.

Gentile, Emilio. 1996. The Sacralization of Politics in Fascist Italy, translated by Keith Botsford. Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press.

Harding, Susan. 1994. "Imagining the Last Days: The Politics of Apocalyptic Language," in Martin E. Marty and R. Scott Appleby, eds., Accounting for Fundamentalisms, The Fundamentalism Project, vol. 4, pp.57-78. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Northcott, Michael. 2004. An Angel Directs The Storm. Apocalyptic Religion & American Empire. London: I.B. Tauris.

O’Leary, Stephen D. 1994. Arguing the Apocalypse: A Theory of Millennial Rhetoric. New York: Oxford University Press.

Quinby, Lee. 1994. Anti-Apocalypse: Exercises in Genealogical Criticism. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Rossing, Barbara A. 2004. The Rapture Exposed: The Message of Hope in the Book of Revelation. Boulder, CO: Westview.

Stewart, Kathleen and Susan Harding. 1999. "Bad Endings: American Apocalypsis." Annual Review of Anthropology, 28, pp. 285-310.

Strozier, Charles B. (1994). Apocalypse: On the Psychology of Fundamentalism in America. Boston: Beacon Press.

Thompson, Damian. (1997). The End of Time: Faith and Fear in the Shadow of the Millennium. Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England

Apocalypticism and Islam

Cook, David. 1996. “Muslim Apocalyptic and Jihad,” Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 20:66-104.

Cook, David. 2001. “Jihad and Martyrdom Operations as Apocalyptic Events.” Paper presented at the Fifth Annual Center for Millennial Studies Conference, Boston University, November.

Cook, David. 2002. “ America, the Second ‘Ad: The Perception of the United States in Modern Muslim Apocalyptic Literature,” Yale Center for International and Area Studies Publications 5:150-93.

Wessinger, Catherine. 2001. “Bin Laden and Revolutionary Millennialism,” New Orleans Times-Picayune, 10 October, http://www.mille.org/cmshome/wessladen.html.

Christian Reconstructionism & Dominion Theology

Barron, Bruce. 1992. Heaven on Earth? The Social and Political Agendas of Dominion Theology. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervon.

Clarkson, Fred. 1997. Eternal Hostility: The Struggle between Theocracy and Democracy. Monroe, ME: Common Courage.

Christian Identity & Neofascism

Barkun, Michael. [1994] 1997. Religion and the Racist Right: The Origins of the Christian Identity Movement, revised. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press.

Berlet, Chip. 2005. “Christian Identity: The Apocalyptic Style, Political Religion, Palingenesis and Neo-Fascism.” In Roger Griffin, ed., Fascism, Totalitarianism, and Political Religion . London: Routledge.

Islamic Insurgency, Terrorism, Neofascism, & Islamophobia

Abou El Fadl, Khaled. 2001. “Islam and the Theology of Power,” Middle East Report 221, (Winter): 28-33. Online at http://www.merip.org/mer/mer221/221_abu_el_fadl.html.

Berlet, Chip. 2003. “Terminology: Use with Caution.” Fascism. Vol. 5, Critical Concepts in Political Science, Roger Griffin and Matthew Feldman, eds. New York, NY: Routledge.

Borum, Randy. 2004 Psychology of Terrorism. Tampa: Univesity of South Florida.

Gerges, Fawaz A. 2005. The Far Enemy: Why Jihad Went Global. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Jalal, Ayesha. 2000. Self and Sovereignty: Individual and Community in South Asian Islam since c. 1850s . New York: Routledge.

Laqueur, Walter. 1996. Fascism: Past, Present, Future. New York: Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Michael, George. 2006. The Enemy of My Enemy: The Alarming Convergence of Militant Islam And the Extreme Right. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.

Rashid, Ahmed. 2001. Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil, and Fundamentalism in Central Asia. New Haven: Yale Nota Bene.

Reich, Walter, ed. 1998. Origins of Terrorism: Psychologies, Ideologies, Theologies, States of Mind. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press. (Distributed by Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.)

Sageman, Marc. 2004. Understanding Terror Networks. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Tibi, Bassam. [1998] 2002. The Challenge of Fundamentalism: Political Islam and the New World Disorder. Updated. Berkeley: University of California.

Wiktorowicz, Quintan. ed. 2004. Islamic Activism: A Social Movement Theory Approach. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.


Barkun, Michael. 2003. A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America. Berkeley: Univ. of California.

Chermak , Steven M. . Searching for a Demon: The Media Construction of the Militia Movement. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 2002;

Crothers , Lane . Rage on the Right: The American Militia Movement from Ruby Ridge to Homeland Security, Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003.

Davis, David Brion, ed., 1972. The Fear of Conspiracy: Images of Un–American Subversion from the Revolution to the Present. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Fenster, M. 1999. Conspiracy theories: Secrecy and power in American culture. Minneapolis: Univ. of Minnesota Press.

Goldberg, Robert Alan. 2001. Enemies Within: The Culture of Conspiracy in Modern America. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Pipes, Daniel. [1996] 1998. The Hidden Hand: Middle East Fears of Conspiracy. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Pipes, Daniel . (1997). Conspiracy: How the Paranoid Style Flourishes and Where it Comes From . New York: The Free Press.

Examples of conspiracism within Islam

Amini, Muhammad Safwat al-Saqqa, and Sa’di Abu Habib. (1982). Freemasonry, English version, New York City: The Muslim World League. Arabic version, Makkah al-Mukarramah, Saudi Arabia: The Muslim World League, 1980.

El-Amin, Mustafa, [1985] 1990. Al-Islam, Christianity, & Freemasonry. Jersey City, NJ: New Mind productions.

Social Movements

Berlet, Chip. 1995. “The Violence of Right-Wing Populism.” Peace Review, Vol. 7, Nos. 3 & 4, pp. 283­288. Oxford: Journals Oxford, Ltd.

Davis, J., ed. 2002. Stories of change: Narrative and social movements. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press.

Ewick, P., and S. S. Silbey. 1995. Subversive stories and hegemonic tales: Toward a sociology of narrative. Law & Society Review 29 (2): 197-226.

Gamson, William. A. [1975] 1990. The Strategy of Social Protest, Second edition. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing.

Gamson, William. A. 1995. "Constructing Social Protest." Social Movements and Culture, ed. Hank Johnston and Bert Klandermans. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Gibson, J. W. 1994. Warrior dreams: Paramilitary culture in post-Vietnam America . New York: Hill and Wang.

Kittrie, Nicholas N. 1995. The War Against Authority: From the Crisis of Legitimacy to a New Social Contract. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

_____. 2000. Rebels With a Cause: The Minds and Morality of Political Offenders. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

McCarthy, John D., and Mayer N. Zald. 1977. “Resource Mobilization and Social Movements: A Partial Theory.” American Journal of Sociology , vol. 82, no. 6, May, pp. 1212–1241.

McAdam, Doug. 1985. Political Process and the Development of Black Insurgency, 1930–1970. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Originally published 1982.

Oberschall, Anthony. 1973. Social Conflict and Social Movements. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Polletta, Francesca. 1998. “Contending Stories: Narrative in Social Movements.” Qualitative Sociology 21(4):419-446.

Snow, David A., E. B. Rochford, Jr., S. K. Worden, and Robert D. Benford. [1986] 1997. “Frame Alignment Process, Micromobilization, and Movement Participation.” Pp. 211–228 in Social Movements: Perspectives and Issues, edited by Steven M. Buechler and F. Kurt Cylke, Jr. Mountain View, Calif.: Mayfield Publishing.

McAdam, Doug and David Snow 1997. "Introduction," Social Movements: Readings on Their Emergence, Mobilization, and Dynamics, ed. Doug McAdam and David Snow. Los Angeles: Roxbury Publishing Company.

Williams, Rhys H. 1994. “Movement Dynamics and Social Change: Transforming Fundamentalist Ideology and Organization,” Pp. 785-833 in Accounting for Fundamentalisms, edited by Martin E. Marty and R. Scott Appleby. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.

Civil Liberties

Chip Berlet. 2002. “Surveillance Abuse.” Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment. David Levinson, ed., ( Berkshire Reference Works). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

_____. 2004. “Hate, Oppression, Repression, and the Apocalyptic Style: Facing Complex Questions and Challenges.” Journal of Hate Studies, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 145-166, Institute for Action against Hate, Gonzaga University Law School. Based on the paper prepared for the Conference to Establish the Field of Hate Studies, at the Institute for Action against Hate, Gonzaga University Law School, Spokane, Washington, March 18-20.

Fein, B. 1999. "Protecting privacy, monitoring hate." New York Times, letter to the editor, August 16.

Insurgency and the Internet

Chip Berlet, 2001, When Hate Went Online. Paper presented at the Northeast Sociological Association, Spring Conference, Fairfield, CT: Sacred Heart University, April 28. Revised 7/4/2008.

Schroer, Todd J. 2001. “Issue and Identity Framing within the White Racialist Movement: Internet Dynamics.” Pp. 207-231 in Betty A. Dobratz, Lisa K. Walder, and Timothy Buzzell, eds., The Politics of Social Inequality, vol. 9.

Simi, Pete and Robert Futrell. 2006. “White Power Cyberculture: Building a Movement,” Public Eye Magazine, Summer. Retreived July 18, 2006, http://www.publiceye.org/magazine/v20n2/simi_futrell_white_power.html.

Think Tanks, Right-wing Framing, & Social Control

Abella, Alex. 2008. Soldiers of Reason: The RAND Corporation and the Rise of the American Empire. Orlando, FL: Harcourt.

Blumenthal, Sidney. 1986. Rise of the Counter-Establishment, The: From Conservative Ideology to Political Power. New York: Random House.

Burch, Philip H., Jr. 1997. Reagan, Bush, and Right-Wing Politics: Elites, Think Tanks, Power, and Policy: Part A. The American Right Wing Takes Command: Key Executive Appointments. Supplement 1, Vol. 16, Research in Political Economy, Paul Zarembka (Ed.). Greenwich: CT: JAI Press.

Burch, Philip H., Jr. 1997. Reagan, Bush, and Right-Wing Politics: Elites, Think Tanks, Power, and Policy: Part B. The American Right Wing at Court and in Action: Supreme Court Nominations and Major Policymaking. Supplement 1, Vol. 16, Research in Political Economy, Paul Zarembka (Ed.). Greenwich: CT: JAI Press.

Callahan, David, $1 Billion for Ideas: Conservative Think Tanks in the 1990s. Report. Washington, DC: National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy, March 1999.

Covington, Sally, Moving A Public Policy Agenda:  The Strategic Philanthropy of Conservative Foundations. Report. Washington, DC: National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy, July 1997.

Diamond, Sara. 1995. Roads to Dominion: Right–Wing Movements and Political Power in the United States. New York: Guilford.

Howell , Leon Funding the War of Ideas. Report. (Cleveland: OH: United Church Board for Homeland Ministries, 1995).

Messer-Davidow, Ellen. 1993. “Manufacturing the Attack on Liberalized Higher Education.” Social Text, Fall, pp. 40–80.

People for the American Way, Buying a Movement: Right-Wing Foundations and American Politics. Report. (Washington, DC: People for the American Way, 1996).

Schulman, Beth. "Foundations for a Movement: How the Right Wing Subsidizes its Press," Extra! (Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting), special issue on "The Right-Wing Media Machine," March/April 1995, p. 11.

Soley, Lawrence C. Leasing the Ivory Tower: The Corporate Takeover of Academia, (Boston: South End Press, 1995).

Stephancic, Jean and Richard Delgado, No Mercy: How Conservative Think Tanks and Foundations Changed America’s Social Agenda, Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1996.

Leaderless Counterterrorism Strategy:
The “War on Terror,” Civil Liberties, and Flawed Scholarship

The Public Eye Magazine. Read it Here!


Featured Research Center
Berkeley Center for
Right-Wing Studies

Featured Social Movement Organization

Spirit House Project uses the arts, research, education, action, and spirituality to bring diverse peoples together to work for racial, economic, and social justice, as well as for spiritual maturity.

Featured Physical Archives

Marquette University has acquired a large collection of FBI files on US right-wing organizations and individuals. The files were released under the federal Freedom of Information Act to researcher Ernie Lazar. The Lazar Collection is also ONLINE!

Emory University: Neighbor's Network (Atlanta, Ga.) 1987-1998)

Featured Multimedia

Anti-Nazi lithograph cartoons by a survivor of the the genocide.

Why this Webpage?

The goal of the website is to provide online linkages to a variety of existing and new transatlantic resources for the study of social movements that seek to expand or restrict access to full democratic human rights for all people. The mission is to illuminate the relationship of hierarchies of race, gender, and class to societal conflicts, especially those involving social movement organizations and their specific ideologies, frames, and narratives.

This website is sponsored by a group of scholars in the United States and Europe for the purpose of providing reliable resources for scholars, researchers, students, journalists, and organizers for human rights as defined by various international documents and United Nations declarations.

The Social Movement Study Website is an independent collaborative non-profit endeavor that receives no funding from governments or partisan political organizations.

Advisory Board
(in formation)

Cynthia Burack (US)
James Danky (US)
Alex DiBranco (US)
Martin Durham (UK)
Matthew Feldman (UK)
Paul Jackson (UK)
Angelia R. Wilson (UK)

The global human rights movement challenges the
systems, structures, and institutions that create, defend, and extend
oppression and repression in a society.

“Without a struggle, there can be no progress.”
                      --Frederick Douglass

“There Is No Hierarchy of Oppressions.”
                      --Audre Lorde

"The thing about democracy, beloveds, is that it is not neat, orderly, or quiet. It requires a certain relish for confusion."
                       -- Molly Ivins

Democracy is not a specific set of institutions but a process that requires dissent.

Democracy is a process that assumes the majority of people,
over time, given enough accurate information, the ability to participate in a free and open public debate,
and can vote without intimidation, reach constructive decisions that benefit the whole of society, and
preserve liberty, protect our freedoms, extend equality, and defend democracy.

Without dissent there is no progress in a society: Dissent is Essential

Unless otherwise noted, all material on this website is copyright ©2022 by Research for Progress

Site curated by Chip Berlet